Suppose you are using a tax-deferred account like 401(k); you can have more money by converting your 401(k) funds to a Roth IRA before claiming your social security. Converting your tax-deferred money to Roth IRA funds helps you reduce taxes. Still, this process may be challenging when deciding the amount to convert.
Roth conversion occurs when you convert your pre-tax deferred accounts like the traditional IRA to an after-tax account that is tax-free. Your money will be taxed like your regular income once you convert it. This means you have decided to prepay taxes that will not be due for many years. Making a Roth conversion will also benefit your relatives and beneficiaries in the future.
Roth conversion is good if the expected marginal tax rate when you withdraw money from a tax-deferred savings plan is higher than the current tax rate. Suppose you retire and have not started collecting social security benefits. In that case, you have a higher chance to do a Roth conversion due to your lower tax bracket.
Roth conversion can also benefit employees with low-income or high-income earners with a temporary lower tax bracket. Roth conversion will be more advantageous if you have enough money to cover the taxes. This money should not be from a tax-deferred account.
It is necessary to estimate the future tax rate before making a Roth conversion because this will determine your social security taxes and Medicare premium costs.
When you convert your money to Roth IRA funds, you should estimate the amount to convert through a process known as conversion optimization. You can optimize your Roth conversion using mass-market programs such as TurboTax or other software.
You can have higher retirement savings when converting your tax-deferred money and delaying your social security claims. With this approach, you can stay within the lower tax bracket through your retirement period.
I grew up in Dubuque, Iowa, where I learned the concepts of hard work and the value of a dollar. I spent years in Boy Scouts and achieved the honor of Eagle Scout. I graduated from Iowa State University and moved to Chicago and spent a few years managing restaurants. I then started working in financial services and insurance helping families prepare for the high cost of college for their children. After spending years in the insurance industry, I moved to Arizona and started working with Federal Employees offing education and options on their benefits. I became a Financial Advisor / Fiduciary to further help people properly plan for the future. I enjoy cooking and traveling in my free time.
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